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ۼ : ƺ   2017-01-16 14:05

ء ٸ

 

/ (۰,

ѱǺȸ ȸ)

 

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) ڱ ͣ ٸ

. ̿

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ؼ (nationalism) ʫ ؼ ִ. Czecho Dvorak, Norway Grieg, Spain Falla, Finland Sibelius, Hungary Bartok, Italy Casella, Elgar vaughn williams, ̱ Copland Gershwin, Mexico Chavez, Villa-Lobos, Bohemia Smetana, ׸ þ Glinka Mussorgsky ʫ 츮 ˰ ִ ׵̴. ؾ߸ ϴ ̷. ó ͣ ͣ(Globalization)ϴ 翡 ̶ ʫ ϰ ־ ʫ ͳ ٤ ֱ ̴. ͣ ͳ ϰ ε ġ ϴ 体 ء ݵ ؾ ̶ . 츮 ׵ ̶ ٣ ƴϾ ͧ غ ϰִ ̺ϰ Ҵ. Ϻ ʫ ߻ ־ μ ͣ ̫ Ǿ ߴ. ڶ ִ (1922~1994) ȭ ȭ Ϸ ߰ 赿(1913-2009) ̶ opera(û ) ϱ⵵ ߴ. ̷ ׵ 츮 ؿ԰ ׷ . ⼭ 츮 ϴ .

ù° μ ΰ ΰ̰, ° 体 ء  ̰  ΰ̴. ׸ ° ͣ ڱ 21Ѻ  ΰ̴.

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)

ͣ ̳ ׸ ̳ ü ؼ Ү ִµ ׵ ۰ Ү 鵵 ̿ ٸ ִ. Ү 𿡴ٰ δİ μ̴. (Ethno music, Racial music, folk music) ʿ䰡 . Ѣ 20Ѻ ִ ƶ ׸ ؼ Ǿٴ 鿡 ( ) ګ ٸ . (nation=national people) ګ ϰ ִ ִ ϰ ְ (Ethnos=ethnic group) ϸ鼭 ġγ , , ؿ ܷ< ޵ ڼյ > ګݾ ϰ ִ. ׷ϱ ͳ Ҹ ̶ Ѵٸ ̳ ü ۡ 췯 ̷ ̶ ϰ ̳ ׸ ؼ ̶ ̴.

Ҵ. ù° ŷе ʫ ߵ Ү ־ ϴ ̴. ° ̳ ءϰ ־ ϴ ̴. ° ̳ ؼ Ǿ ־ ϴ ̴. ° μ ߰ ־ ϴ ̴. ټ ° ־ ϴ ̴. ߾ . ʫ ū ¡ ʫ ګ ̳ ϳ μ ġ ۿ . ׷ μ ̷ Ǿ Ѵ.

 

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۰ ִ. ͣ ʫ ߴ ۰ ְڰ (Bartok, Copland, Mussorgsky ۰), ϱ ۰̴. Ϲȭ ̴. ۰ ͳߧ ̳ (style) (Ʋ) ؼ ȭ ϴ ̴. ۰ (1934-) ηBuru(1976), ο(1936-) (1991), (1934-)8ڸ (1979), ׸ ̸(1945-) 4 گ(1990) ̶ ְڴ.η ̰, п ̴. ǰ ̰, п ̴. ǰ ؼ ̶ Ѵ. ׸گ 츮 ʳ (traditional burials) ؼ ̶ Ѵ. ̷ 体 ء ۰ 󸶵 ɼ ִٰ . ߴ ʫ ߵ ߧ̳ ؼ 籸 ϴ Ǹ ̴. ̷ (infrastructure) ϴµ ڷᰡ ̴. ̳ (style) ؼ ء ذ߸ Ѵ. ij ִ. ̷ 鿡 ׷ ƴ϶ . ⼭ ̷ ۰ ؼ ̹ Ү ٣ Ұ ڴ. ̻(1917-1995) (1966),Garak for flute & piano(1963), (1922-1994)8٣ ڸ ó(1965), 23(1953),(1950), (1923-2009) ¹ ߲(1971), ֿ(1929-) ׸ ݰ(1972), ϳ(1932-2006) (1963), ٸ (1951), ȿ(1972), (1930-2010) dz ø(1977), (1934-) Ǵ (1978), ڸ η(1976), ο(1936-) (1991), (1934-)8 (1979), ʸ for violin(1979), ̿(1943-) (1975), ó(1987), ̸(1945-)÷ 帧(1983),4 گ(1990), ̰ǿ(1947-)Eκ (1981), ɱ뷡 ְ(1997), (1944-)繰̿ ְ 3(1996), ڿ(pagh-paan younghi 1945-)TA-Ryong(1995), (1906-1965)Korean fantasy(1938).

 

) ڱ ͣ ٸ

ͣ ʫ Ƹ ̶̻ ְڴ. ̶ͣ ŭ ޾Ұ ְ ǰ ִ. ʫ ڿ(pagh-paan younghi) ְڴ. ׳ Bremen Ρ 鼭 Ȱ ϰ ִ. ƽ ͣ ް Ұ ǰ ִ Ү ׵ ִ ̴. ̻ ڿ ִ 絶 ʫ ִ. ׷ Ѵٰ ؼ ͣ Ƕ . ó Үʫ ϰ ̵ ΰ ͣ ߴٴ Ҹ 赵 ߴ. ͣ ߰ ͣ ͣκ ʫμ ߱ ̴. ֱٿ ϰ ִ (1961-) ׷ ͣ ֱ ͣ ְ ִ. ó ͣ ż ͣ 븦 ָ ִ ͣμ (universalism) ͣ μ ʫ ָ ְ ֱ ̴.

ͣ Ƿ ù° ͣ ؾ Ѵ. Poland ʫ Gorecki(1933-)Symphony No.3 ʫ ʿؼ ͣ ް ϰ ִ. ̰͸ ͣ ִ Ѵ. ° ͣ ͸ ִ ذ Ѵ. Ϸ (CD, DVD, Record, Cassette, mp3 etc.) Ұ ̴. ° ͣ ׵ ؼ ٸϴ ̴. ׸ ӥ ϰų ͣ ϴ ̴. ͣ Ϲ Ǿ ֱ ɼ ͣ θ(Journalism) ͣ å ִ. Ȥ Үʫ ڳ ü (CD) ϵ ִµ ̰͵ ۰ ִ. ʫ ɱټ ڿ ü CD εǾ ִ ִµ ̵ ̹ ͣ ϰ ־. ׸ (Naxos) Լ ʫ() ִ. ̰͸ ƴϴ. Үʫ ͣ ٣(̻, ڿ)̳ The New Grove dictionary of music & musicians (̿, , , , , , etc.)Ǿ ִ ͣ ̹ ߰ ִ. computer ŭ ̰ ͣ  ̴. Ϲ ó ͣ鿡Դ ƴ϶ . Estonia ʫ Arvo pärt(1935-) Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten(1977-1980) ̶ Ѵٵ簡, ʫ Toru Takemits(1930-1996)Requiem for strings(1957) ׸ Mayuzumi, Toshiro(1929-)Nirvana symphony for male chorus and orchestra(1958) ̴ Ƹ ̴. ͣ ã ְ ͣ Ѵ. ѱ () ͣ Poland ʫPenderecki 50ֳ ο Ķ ְ ǰ(Symphony No.5 korea) ִµ ˱ Ϳ ؼ ѱ ӽ 츮⳪ ׸ ѱ image츮⸦ ߴ. ̴ ٥ ̴. ׸ Ү opera 団体 ؼ Menotti (1911-?) operawedding day Penderecki Ͱ ٸ Ҵ. ̷ ɷ ִ Ү ʫ ؾ ̫ϰ .

 

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߾ ƴ ڱ 21Ѻ ɸ° ׸ 21Ѻ ο Ѵ. ݺ 560 ͣ ͣ Ӱ ȹ ż ־ Penderecki, Ligeti(1923-2006), Berio(1925-2003), Nono(1924-1990), Stockhausen (1928-2007) ִ ڪ ͼ 츮 ο Ѱ 21Ѻ ͣ ׾߸ ̴. ֵ 󸶵 ϰ 츮 װ ڰϳ ̹ Դ. ̶ ֿ Ե ʾ ̴. ڱ ء ʫ ̰ ۰ ̹ Hungary ʫ Bartok, Bela(1881-1945) 670 ־. ̷ ̿ μ (Ethono music) ء Bartok ۰ ټ . Bartok () ܽϸ鼭 ʫ ٸ ־⿡ ׸ ټ ̴.